A place where history was made
The first hostage convoys of the spring of 1942
Confronted with the actions of the Resistance, the German military command in occupied France set up a "hostage policy" which retaliated by deporting Jews and Communists.
The Jewish Affairs Office of the Gestapo in early 1942 takes advantage of this policy by arresting thousands of Jews, launching "the final solution of the Jewish question" already in preparation in Berlin after the Wannsee conference of January 20,1942.
The first massive convoy of French Jews departs from the hostage camp in Compiègne on March 27, 1942. The second leaves the same camp on June 5.
When in early June 1942 the Nazi police were given the "policing and security" order in occupied France, its Jewish Affairs Office separated from the framework of this hostage policy. The deportations already planned leave however, but directly from the camps where the Jews have been gathered: from Drancy on June 22, from Pithiviers on the 25th and from Rolande on the 28th.